Archeological sites of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is knonw for its biodiversity, marvelous landscapes and adventure tours, but there is much more than that. Costa Rica is a land of passing, a connective site from people that came from South and North America. There where more than 8 major indigenous groups, including the Huetars, Guaimies, Cabecars, Guatuso or Malekus, Borucas or Bruncas, Terrabas, Bri Bris, Chorotegas, and Teribes among others, and they left their foot print on stones, art, and other interesting elements that are now our beloved archeological sites.


National Monument Guayabo

GuayaboLocated in Turrialba, Cartago (12 miles from the city of Turrialba), it is the most important archeological site of Costa Rica. Getting there is easy but the road is not good for small cars. It is advisable to enter to the town of Guayabo with a 4 x 4. However, there is a public bus that leaves from Turrialba once a day.

The site is believe to be 3000 years old. The main development occurred between 400 and 1,400 AD when the stone structures on the site were built. It is one of the oldest pre-Columbian archeological sites of Costa Rica.

It is mostly unexplore but what is known is very interesting. The importance of this archeological site is based on their ingenery with which the large bridges and dwellings are made.

It is believe to have been home of more than 1500 people in a land of 49 acres. The base of the constructions were built on wood and stone.

There were also found petroglyphs with the shape of birds and other zoomorphic themes.


 Guayabo Archeological Site - Costa Rica

Las Lilas Archeological Site

Petroglifos las lilasLocated on the skirts of Rincon de la Vieja Volcano at Las Lilas de Quebrada Grande de Liberia, and it is an archeological site inside a private farm that belongs to Gonzalo Diaz. Visitors are welcome for a small fee and petroglyphs could be seen on stones close to the main river bank. There is also a butterfly farm and a guide that explains the meaning of these stone representations.

The petroglyphs are interesting because they are belived to be the site where women came to give birth. Also, the type of figures represented on the stones are zoomorphics and andromorphics.


 Las Lilas Archeological Site - Costa Rica

"El Farallón" of Cañas

"El Farallon" archeological site is located on Las Lomas farm of the Lopez family. It is an enormous rock wall of Rio Cabuya, of about 60 ft. long, full of indigenous engravings. it was declared National Monument in 1998, but no many people know it. According to several studies, the petroglyphs were made by indigenous people during the early years of the Christian era and 800 BC.

In order to get there, you must enter the roads that heads to Cañas and follow the sings to Sandillal. From there the road gets a little gravy and at many places it is little more than a trail.



Archeological site Rincón de la Vieja

"Sitio arqueologico colorado". These petroglyphs are found on the road to Curubande of Liberia on the left margin of Colorado River.

The petroglyphs in these area are very complex and there is a great variety of them. However, there is very few knowledge about the importance of these sites, and with time they are being forgotten and some are even destroyed or covered again.



 Petroglifo Costa Rica

Diquis Stone Spheres

Located on the Delta del Diquís. One of Costa Rica archeological sites was included on the list of World Heritage of UNESCO: stone spheres.

The greatest amount of stone spheres found in Costa Rica are located in the south part of the country on Finca 6. Recently this area have been develped into an archeological park. The specific location of this park is around 10 km from Palmar Norte, in the Delta del Diquis.

Actually, a new technology is being used by the Museo Nacional and the Laboratorio Nacional de Materiales y Modelos Estructurales from Costa Rica University (Lanamme), to find more of this stone spheres still buried in the territory. The Delta del Diquis is a territory formed by the sediments of Terraba River and in this place most of the stone spheres have been found and there are many signs that assure investigators that they will found more of this interesting pieces.



Other archeological places:

  • Caño Island
  • Petroglyphs from Orosi Volcano
  • Ciudad Cutris


Banana Adventure Tour can help you plan your vacation in the country and add a tour to an archeological site, so that you get the complete experience abroad. Please write to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..